When deciding whether to inspect your roof, do a repair, or walk on your roof for any other reason, there are several steps you can take to ensure your safety. These safety procedures are often overlooked, causing accidents that can affect a person and their family for years to come. However, if you invest just a small amount of time in the North San Antonio area educating yourself of the potential dangers of your roof, you may avoid these incidents all together.
Homeowners seldom think about the roof over their heads until they encounter a roof leak problem. Then the question always comes up: should they get a tear-off (roof replacement) or just get a shingle overlay that just covers over the old roofing? A roof is comprised of four elements: the main roof, the eaves, the fascia board and the gutter. A house without eaves can cause as much water damage as a house without a roof
Roofing shingles come in many different styles, shapes, colors and patterns. But every roof has but three basic shingle (or tile) types. This article explains the three basic types of shingles and tiles which are produced. We're not talking about specific products here, simply the types of each product.
Starters Shingles and Starter Tiles
Starter shingles are, as their name implies, the starting shingles of a Roof System. They are installed on top of the Drip Edge/Rake Edge and on top of the Leak Barriers and begin the overlapping pattern for the remainder of Shingles (or tiles) on the roof. Simply put: One single row of starter shingles is installed everywhere your roof ends, ie: in the same areas as with Metal Drip Edge and Rake Edge.
As with every other part of a Roof System, different types of starter shingles are offered by many different manufacturers. Fortunately for you, you don't need to select what type of starter shingle to use on your roof, because the manufacturer of the Field Shingle you chose chooses for you. As long as your Roofing Contractor follows the manufacturers recommendations when selecting starter shingles, you're in good hands.
A note of interest: starter shingles set the beginning pace for the rest of the Shingles on your roof. If the starter shingles are installed straight, then the installation technician will be off to a good start. Also, starter shingles usually need to be installed off set from the remaining Shingles on your Roof System to allow for a proper overlap of the remaining shingles or tiles.
The final touch. Ridge Shingles are to your roof like a picture frame is to a picture. What kind of frame did they put around the Mona Lisa in the Louvre? I'll bet you it wasn't purchased at Wal-Mart... And what a difference it makes to have a good quality ridge shingle installed. The bottom line is, visually appealing Roof Systems include visually appealing ridge shingles.
If you are not concerned with the visual appeal of your Roof System, then save a buck and use a standard cut shingle for your ridge caps. If however you'd like your house to look more like your castle...use a definitive edge ridge shingle such as an IKO Ultra Hip or a GAF/Elk z-ridge. The price difference between a regular ridge shingle and a more visually appealing ridge shingle on a standard home is around $400 - $800.
Important note: Higher quality ridge shingles typically require special installation procedures when installed. It may be wise to mention this to whoever you choose to install your roof. Ridge shingles are located at areas of your roof most vulnerable to wind damage and therefore subject blowing off if they are not installed properly. Ask your roofing contractor what sort of Special Installations are required for installing high quality ridge shingles.
Also referred to as asphalt roofing, composition shingles are the most commonly used and the most economic option. They are available in a wide range of colors and styles and are easily repaired and highly fireproof. This type of shingle is available in a fifteen to forty year lifespan guarantee. A typical home size of around 2,000 square feet can run anywhere from $6,000 to $10,000 for professional installation.
Metal roofing is available in steel, aluminum, tin and copper. While this type of roof is environmentally friendly and very lightweight, it can get fairly expensive, especially for copper materials, which can cost upwards of $40,000 for a typical sized home. Metal roofs can be styled to resemble shake shingles or even the look of slate. These roofs are durable, easily maintained and can last up to fifty years. The other metals can cost up into the lower $20,000s installed.
Now that you know the differences in the types of roofs available, you can make a more informed decision on which type may be right for you. Contact your local roofer for more information.